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7.3L Power Stroke Cooling System Upgrades

Ford Fixes

Text By , Photography by

The latest installment of our '97 Ford F-350 project entailed tackling another preventative maintenance issue: replacing the factory, 145,000-mile water pump. It's anyone's guess how long a 7.3L's stock water pump will last, as we've seen some fail with little more than 100,000 miles on them, and some that have lasted beyond 200,000 miles. More often than not, a damaged coolant system leads to this vital component failing. Things like cooling system contamination, bearing overload, an unbalanced fan clutch, insufficient clearance between the fan and fan shroud (or radiator), and engine overheating can all contribute to a failed water pump. Being proactive, we decided to replace our 7.3L Power Stroke's factory unit with a brand-new water pump from Bosch. This is a weekend project anyone can handle and only required a few special tools to get the job done.

For added performance and insurance, we also installed a 203-degree thermostat and coolant filtration system from DieselSite. With the truck now running at its ideal operating temperature and the engine benefiting from uncontaminated coolant, our water pump's life will be prolonged considerably, and our cooling system should be problem free for years to come.

Why Water Pumps Fail:
The photo shown below is of an '01 7.3L Power Stroke engine's failed water pump with just 127,000 miles on it. Notice the odd angle of the pulley? This is because the bearing assembly in the water pump failed. Typically, the seal will fail first, in which you'll notice a slight coolant leak, or drip. Obviously, this was not the case here, and there were no warning signs that the pump was on its way out. The truck owner was lucky the failed bearing assembly didn't damage the front engine cover, fan clutch, or even the radiator. The seven main causes of water pump failure are:
Cooling system contamination
Overheated cooling system
Bearing overload
Excessive fan belt tension
Insufficient clearance between the fan and shroud, or radiator
Unbalanced fan clutch
Excessive vibration due to loose (or broken) motor mounts

SOURCES
Auto Anything
9210 Sky Park Court
Suite 100
San Diego
CA  92123
800-874-8888
http://www.autoanything.com
Caterpillar
100 North East Adams Street
Peoria
IL  61629
309-675-1000
http://www.cat.com
DieselSite
P.O. Box 2079
Crystal River
FL  34429
888-414-3454
www.dieselsite.com
O'Reilly Auto Parts
233 South Patterson Avenue
Springfield
MO  65802
800-755-6759
www.oreillyauto.com
Bosch Auto Parts
38000 Hills Tech Court
Farmington Hills
MI  48331
888-715-3610
www.boschautoparts.com
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