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The 10 Largest Dump Trucks - The Kings of Capacity

10 Of The World's Largest Dump Trucks

Photography by The Diesel Power Staff

The '08 Ford Super Duty F-450 6.4L is rated to haul a maximum payload of 6,120 pounds. Not bad for a street-legal rig that can supposedly fit into a shopping mall parking space, but imagine trucks that can haul more than 130 times that much weight in the bed, and you've got the Kings of Capacity. These massive "Off-Highway" mining dump trucks boast diesel engines that weigh as much as 25,000 pounds, have as many as 12 turbochargers, and make more than 10,000 lb-ft of torque. The trucks stand more than two stories tall, ride on 63-inch tires, and are stopped with the assistance of multiple-disc, oil-cooled brakes. Most of these trucks use hybrid diesel-electric drive systems to maximize efficiency and power delivery. To support payloads of up to 400 tons, these massive haulers have frame widths and depths that are measured in feet, not inches. The GVOW (gross vehicle operating weight) can exceed more than 650 tons. In fact, most of these dump trucks are so big that the parts have to be shipped to the job site so the trucks can be built on-site. Here are 10 of the highest-capacity trucks being sold today in their most powerful configurations.

"...diesel engines that weigh as much as 25,000 pounds have up to 12 turbochargers and make more than 10,000 lb-ft of torque."

Komatsu
Komatsu 930E - 3,500 hp / 320 tons
Engine: Komatsu SSDA18V70 / Cummins QSK78Cylinders: V-18
Displacement: 78L (4,735 ci)
Power: 3,500 hp
Top Speed (loaded): 40 mph
Body Height: 24 ft 2 in
Body Length: 51 ft 2 in
Turning Radius: 49 ft 1 in
Fuel Capacity: 1,200 gal
Curb Weight: 235 tons
Gross Vehicle Operating Weight: 556 tons
Maximum Capacity: 320 tons

Liebherr
Liebherr TI 274 - 3,000 hp / 320 tons
Engine: MTU/DD 16V 4000
Cylinders: V-16
Displacement: 78L (4,654 ci)
Horsepower: 3,000 hp
Top Speed (loaded): 40 mph
Body Height: 23 ft 10 in
Body Length: 41 ft 4 in
Turning Radius: 53 ft 6 in
Fuel Capacity: 1,250 gal
Curb Weight: 187 tons
Gross Vehicle Operating Weight: 507 tons
Maximum Capacity: 320 tons

Komatsu
Komatsu 830E - 2,500 hp / 244 tons
Engine: Komatsu SDA16V160 / Cummins QSK60
Cylinders: V-16
Displacement: 60L (3,674 ci)
Power: 2,500 hp
Top Speed (loaded): 40 mph
Body Height: 22 ft 7 in
Body Length: 46 ft 5 in
Turning Radius: 46.5 ft
Fuel Capacity: 1,200 gal
Curb Weight: 181 tons
Gross Vehicle Operating Weight: 425 tons
Maximum Capacity: 244 tons

Hitachi Euclid
Hitachi Euclid EH5000 - 2,700 hp / 316 tons (pictured)
Engine: MTU/DD 16V-4000
Cylinders: V-16
Displacement: 65L (3,967 cu in)
Power: 2,700 hp
Top Speed (loaded): 41.6 mph
Body Height: 23 ft 6 in
Body Length: 47 ft 4 in
Turning Radius: 49 ft 6 in
Fuel Capacity: 1,000 gal
Curb Weight: 235 tons
Gross Vehicle Operating Weight: 582 tons
Maximum Capacity: 316 tons

Hitachi Euclid EH4500-2 - 2,700 hp / 280 tons
Engine: MTU/DD 16V-4000
Cylinders: V-16
Displacement: 65L (3,967 ci)
Power: 2,700 hp
Top Speed (loaded): 34.9 mph
Body Height: 23 ft 9 in
Body Length: 46 ft 11 in
Turning Radius: 48 ft 10 in
Fuel Capacity: 1,000 gal
Curb Weight: 218 tons
Gross Vehicle Operating Weight: 529.5 tons
Maximum Capacity: 280 tons

Liebherr
Liebherr T 282B - 3,650 hp / 400 tons
Engine: MTU/DD 20V 4000
Cylinders: V-20
Displacement: 90L (5,490 ci)
Power: 3,650 hp
Top Speed (loaded): 40 mph
Body Height: 25 ft 9 in
Body Length: 50 ft 3 in
Turning Radius: 61 ft
Fuel Capacity: 1,250 gal
Curb Weight: 252.5 tons
Gross Vehicle Operating Weight: 652.5 tons
Maximum Capacity: 400 tons

Terex Unit Rig
Terex MT 6300AC - 3,750 hp / 400 tons
Engine: MTU/DD 20V 4000
Cylinders: V-20
Displacement: 90L (5,490 ci)
Power: 3,750 hp
Top Speed (loaded): 40 mph
Body Height: 25 ft 4 in
Body Length: 48 ft 6 in
Turning Radius: 55 ft
Fuel Capacity: 1,300 gal
Curb Weight: 260 tons
Gross Vehicle Operating Weight: 660 tons
Maximum Capacity: 400 tons

Terex MT 5500 - 2,700 hp / 360 tons (pictured)
Engine: Cummins QSK60
Cylinders: V-16
Displacement: 60L (3,674 ci)
Power: 2,700 hp
Top Speed (loaded): 40 mph
Body Height: 25 ft 2 in
Body Length: 48 ft 6 in
Turning Radius: 53 ft
Fuel Capacity: 800 gal
Curb Weight: 239 tons
Gross Vehicle Operating Weight: 599 tons
Maximum Capacity: 360 tons

Caterpillar
Caterpillar 797B - 3,550 hp / 380 tons (pictured)
Engine: Cat 3524B EUI
Cylinders: V-24
Displacement: 117L (7,143 ci)
Power: 3,550 hp
Top Speed (loaded): 42 mph
Height: 24 ft 9 in
Length: 47 ft 8 in
Turning Radius: 130.9 ft
Fuel Capacity: 1,800 gal
Curb Weight: 307 tons
Gross Vehicle Operating Weight: 687.5 tons
Maximum Capacity: 380 tons

Cat 793D - 2,415 hp / 240 tons
Engine: Cat 3516B HD EUI
Cylinders: V-16
Displacement: 78L (4,760 ci)
Power: 2,415 hp
Top Speed (loaded): 33.7 mph
Body Height: 19 ft 4 in
Body Length: 42 ft 3 in
Turning Radius: 46 ft 8 in
Fuel Capacity: 1,150 gal
Curb Weight: 129 tons
Gross Vehicle Operating Weight: 423 tons
Maximum Capacity: 240 tons

SOURCES
Komatsu
www.komatsu.com
Terex Mining
www.terexmining.com
Hitachi Construction
www.hitachiconstruction.com
Caterpillar
www.cat.com/careers
Liebherr
www.liebherr.us
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97 comments
Red Mast
Red Mast

Brad Williams ,,so i'm on the way to the local jumk yard to pick one of these moters up ,,i'm gona put it in my prius ,,,jus wait till i c u on the interstate ,,i'll show u wat's wat!!!!

Scott Martin
Scott Martin

Bridgemont Community and Technical College

Scott Martin
Scott Martin

Fun to drive too. Been working on these Komatsu beast since I was 18. Along with 630-830e's, D575 and the massive PC5500. It's a whole other world when you get into the big iron

Brock Barratt
Brock Barratt

Yup. Ive worked on the 45 60 and 78. Love the high horse power stuff

Scott Martin
Scott Martin

Some of the QSK's come with two less turbos and only produce 2700 hp but that's still impressive

Brock Barratt
Brock Barratt

The c175 are garbage haul truck engines, great for gens though. Kamostu 930 has a cummins QSK 78 in them that putts out 3500 hp. And 12000 ft tourqe.

Sonny Oberle
Sonny Oberle

Makes my F350 look like a matchbox toy!!!

Mike Jones
Mike Jones

Yes they do and they are bad ass. Its amazing that something so big can stay together with that much power and weight at 30 mph

Zack Baker
Zack Baker

Puss truck buy cat its the worlds best equipment by far.

Michael Ryan Stout
Michael Ryan Stout

I help build the c175 engines for these at the Lafayette factory

Levi Heckman
Levi Heckman

400 ton haul trucks, most beautiful pieces of machinery ever devised.

Scot Earp
Scot Earp

Guess he deleted that comment!! I do remember a comment that stated "the v18 doesnt exist....." Thats why i used the santa/m&m !!

Scot Earp
Scot Earp

Kyle A Nantel, who said the 78 was a v20???

Rob Galles
Rob Galles

Oh dang, you're light duty pickup doesn't look so tough now....

Ian Matney
Ian Matney

I love driving dump trucks in GTA5, so much fun crushing cars and other items.

Dan Manary
Dan Manary

So what I got from these comments is basically everyone works on these! Haha MTU is the best

Karl Barnesjr
Karl Barnesjr

I'm putting THAT in my truck, can you say....."earth mover"?

Kyle A Nantel
Kyle A Nantel

you did say the QSK78 is a v20..which it clearly is not, only false statement I can see provoking the point "you don't know what you're talking about" lol

Michael Van Why
Michael Van Why

The largest truck I work on is the cat 797 24cyl 400ton truck it is also the largest mechanical truck

Robert Ostroviak
Robert Ostroviak

It is a V18 12 turbo cummins with 3500 hp. I put one of those trucks together last year and it's a big bitch

Carlos Soto
Carlos Soto

Actually those dump trucks are powered by a Diesel engine but what really moves the wheels are ELECTRIC MOTORS.

Alex Hensley
Alex Hensley

Untellin how much torque are to the wheels lol

Brandon Cordova
Brandon Cordova

My dad helped make the worlds largest dump truck body! Wotco, look them up ;)

John Ilsley
John Ilsley

Engines built at Daventry and proud of it

Kevin Tchir
Kevin Tchir

Irvin Q you got that rite,,winter sure keeps you on your toes...lol...

Phil Garkie
Phil Garkie

anybody ever heard of freakin Google?? look it up!!

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